Landline phone

Landline phone

A landline phone is an apparatus that is connected to the landline network to communicate. This may either be wireless or with a cable. Due to fast development of mobile phones today, there are far less landline phones in Sweden and the market keeps shrinking.

Many may believe that the American Alexander Graham Bell was the inventor of the phone. But it was in fact the Italian/American Antonio Meucci that invented the phone in 1849. Alexander Graham Bell was however the first that acquired the patent of the technique, first in year 1876.

One of the first commercial phones for the household was Ericsson’s table phone “Taxen” which became a huge success both in Sweden and abroad. This landline phone was sold in 2 million copies for 40 years up til the 1930s. This was a successor of the bakelite phone which thereafter became a standard phone in Swedish homes up until the 1960s.

  • Landline telephony is telecommunication via the landline network
  • Antonio Meucci invented the landline phone in 1849
  • Ericsson’s landline table phone “Taxen” was the first landline phone that had a huge breakthrough
  • There are landline networks and digital networks for telephony, so called IP telephony
  • The number of subscriptions for landline telephony in the world is decreasing
  • Some of Ericsson’s first landline phones have a huge collectible value today
  • All landline phones have a bound number

Different types of landline phones

Today you can find different types of phone. The portal phone is common in buildings and apartments or even offices. IP telephony is phone calls over internet through the landline network. Prices are ofter higher and the quality of the call could be better. Broadband carriers offer IP telephony in most cases.

DECT is a technique standard in Europe for wireless landline phones. In fact, the technique uses a digital technique to perform the wireless communication. The base station is connected to the landline network and a digital signal is send from the base station to the mobile landline phone.

Wireless landline phones have a reach of 30 meters inside and 300 meters outside, if nothing should be in the way of the base station and the mobile phone. In 1980n the first wireless phones from Asia appeared on the market, but they hade issues with interference. In 1992 DECT technique became an attractive alternative due its’ problem free transfer without wires.

From old to new technique

Sweden is undergoing a change where all old technique in regards to telephony is slowly but steadily being replaced. This entails old copper wires that were used for landline telephony (and ADSL broadband) for a long time. The technique has been replaced by IP telephony that is managed via fiber optics.

Another reason for the switch in technology is that the old copper wires don’t live up to the government goals of fast communication. Changing technology is therefore needed and if you want to rely on fast telephony you need to change to IP telephony through your broadband supplier in the future.

Glossary